Local mode is the development mode for balena. It allows you to build and sync code to a single development device in your local network without having to go through the whole git push, build, deployment pipeline. It uses the Docker daemon on the device to build container images and starts the container up in very much the same way the balena device supervisor would.
Local mode requirements
In order to use local mode on a device:
- The device must be running balenaOS v2.0 or higher with supervisor v4.0 or higher.
- The device must be running a development variant of the OS. If you try to use a production variant, you will not be able to use local mode. The production devices have SSH and the Docker socket locked down, both of which are needed for the local mode feature.
- You must have the balena CLI installed on your workstation.
- Local mode must be enabled through the dashboard. To use local mode on a development device, click on the small Actions dropdown at the top right of the device page and select Enable Local Mode.
Note: At the moment,
balena local push will not work for multicontainer applications. The recommended development workflow is to put the device in local mode and use the Docker Compose remote API.
Scan the network and find your device
Before you can get any code running, you first have to find your device. To do this, login to the balena CLI and use
balena local scan.
All balena devices advertise themselves on the network using Avahi. The names take the form
<short-uuid>.local, where the short-uuid is the uuid you see on your device dashboard. The balena CLI allows you to scan the network and discover your device:
sudo balena local scan
host: bce2006.local address: 10.10.0.236 dockerInfo: Containers: 1 ContainersRunning: 1 ContainersPaused: 0 ContainersStopped: 0 Images: 1 Driver: aufs SystemTime: 2018-10-18T13:38:30.960146041Z KernelVersion: 4.14.48-yocto-standard OperatingSystem: balenaOS 2.19.0+rev4 Architecture: x86_64 dockerVersion: Version: 17.12.0-dev ApiVersion: 1.35
Push over a new project
Now that we know where our device is on the network we can start pushing some code to it. To do this, we use the
balena local push command. This command instructs the device to do a Docker build and then runs your container in the same configuration as the balena device supervisor supervisor would. You can either pass the command your device's IP address or
<short-uuid>.local name. If you leave this out, you will be presented with a list of devices to choose from.
sudo balena local push f340127.local -s .
* Building.. - Stopping and Removing any previous 'rainbow' container - Building new 'rainbow' image Step 1 : FROM /raspberrypi3-python:3-slim ---> aa2d93575b6c Step 2 : WORKDIR /usr/src/app ---> Using cache ---> b94e519dbdf9 Step 3 : COPY requirements.txt ./ ---> 3485a10ad432 Removing intermediate container 42b4f5138e73 Step 4 : RUN pip install -r requirements.txt ---> Running in f1814424d7e6 Collecting Flask==0.10.1 (from -r requirements.txt (line 1)) Downloading Flask-0.10.1.tar.gz (544kB) Collecting Werkzeug>=0.7 (from Flask==0.10.1->-r requirements.txt (line 1)) Downloading Werkzeug-0.12-py2.py3-none-any.whl (312kB) Collecting Jinja2>=2.4 (from Flask==0.10.1->-r requirements.txt (line 1)) Downloading Jinja2-2.9.5-py2.py3-none-any.whl (340kB) Collecting itsdangerous>=0.21 (from Flask==0.10.1->-r requirements.txt (line 1)) Downloading itsdangerous-0.24.tar.gz (46kB) Collecting MarkupSafe>=0.23 (from Jinja2>=2.4->Flask==0.10.1->-r requirements.txt (line 1)) Downloading MarkupSafe-1.0.tar.gz Installing collected packages: Werkzeug, MarkupSafe, Jinja2, itsdangerous, Flask Running setup.py install for MarkupSafe: started Running setup.py install for MarkupSafe: finished with status 'done' Running setup.py install for itsdangerous: started Running setup.py install for itsdangerous: finished with status 'done' Running setup.py install for Flask: started Running setup.py install for Flask: finished with status 'done' Successfully installed Flask-0.10.1 Jinja2-2.9.5 MarkupSafe-1.0 Werkzeug-0.12 itsdangerous-0.24 ---> 0de3e75604ef Removing intermediate container f1814424d7e6 Step 5 : COPY . . ---> 731a390dabbd Removing intermediate container c18df177d9df Step 6 : CMD python -u main.py ---> Running in 57cac5778640 ---> 579c2859dd81 Removing intermediate container 57cac5778640 Successfully built 579c2859dd81 - Cleaning up previous image of 'rainbow' - Creating 'rainbow' container - Starting 'rainbow' container rdt push completed successfully! * Streaming application logs.. * Running on http://0.0.0.0:80/ (Press CTRL+C to quit) 188.8.131.52 - - [10/Mar/2017 21:53:14] "GET / HTTP/1.1" 200 - 184.108.40.206 - - [10/Mar/2017 21:53:22] "GET / HTTP/1.1" 200 -
In your code you will still have access to most of the regular balena device features. For example, you will still be able to query and use the supervisor API. However, you will notice that your local mode device will not push logs back to the balena dashboard. You also won't be able to set environment or configuration variables from the dashboard, but you can set them in your
SSH into the running app container or host OS
If we want to run some test commands in our app container, we can do this easily using
balena local ssh. This command drops us directly into the selected container:
sudo balena local ssh f340127.local
To connect to the host OS, we can add the
--host option. From here, we can check system logs and perform other troubleshooting tasks:
sudo balena local ssh f340127.local --host
Other useful local commands
There are many other balena local commands, which can be used to stop containers, reconfigure device WiFi and a few other useful things.
local configure <target> (Re)configure a balenaOS drive or image local flash <image> Flash an image to a drive local logs [deviceIp] Get or attach to logs of a running container on a balenaOS device local promote [deviceIp] Promote a balenaOS device local ssh [deviceIp] Get a shell into a balenaOS device local stop [deviceIp] Stop a running container on a balenaOS device